If you have recently purchased your first tractor to help out with grass cutting, plowing, or garden care on your property, then you should know that you will need to perform certain maintenance tasks to keep the tractor running well. One of these tasks includes changing the oil. If you are unsure about what you need to do or buy when completing this task, then keep reading to learn about some questions you should ask yourself.
What Type Of Fuel Does The Tractor Take?
Some tractors run on diesel fuel while others use regular gasoline. The type of fuel that your tractor uses will determine the type of oil the tractor needs. This information is imperative if you intend on buying oil before completing the oil change.
Diesel engine oil varies greatly from gasoline oil. The oil is typically much more viscous. Diesel engines use fuel compression when the engine runs, and this creates more heat in the combustion chamber. The thicker oil helps to lubricate the engine under higher levels of heat. Diesel engines also produce more contaminants within the engine. Diesel oil contains more detergents to clean away the debris.
Diesel oils are made specifically for diesel engines. If the oil is used in a gasoline one, then the oil will be too thick to flow properly. Also, the extra cleaning additives can eat away at the engine seals. If gasoline engine oil is used in a diesel engine, the oil will be too thin to lubricate properly. Also, the lack of detergents can lead to a dirty and poorly functioning engine.
When you understand the type of oil that you need, make sure to purchase several quarts of the lubricant. Many tractors will require five quarts or more of oil.
What Kind Of Filter Is Needed?
Tractors have fairly standard-sized oil filters, like other types of vehicles. There are two different types of filters that are likely to be inside the engine. These types are called spin-on and cartridge. Spin-on oil filters are similar to the ones you may see in your vehicle engine. The filters feature a metal casing that holds the filter media. The oil flows through the canister and debris is deposited on the filter.
Spin-on filters are extremely easy to replace. The filter can be twisted off and thrown away. The new filter will require a bit of oil on the gasket to reduce leaking concerns, and then it can be spun into place. You may need a device called a filter wrench or even a regular crescent wrench to remove the oil filter.
If the tractor does not have a spin-on type of filter, then it has a cartridge one. The cartridge will be contained in a metal housing, like the spin-on filter. However, a bolted lid or cover will sit over the top. The bolt can be removed with a socket wrench so you can access the filter. The filter can be pulled out and replaced by the new one.
Before you can replace the cartridge filter, you will need to make sure that you have one that is the right length and width. Look in the tractor manual for the dimensions, size, or the filter number so you can buy the right one. Also, before you add the new filter, you should clean out the internal housing. This is wise since the metal container is continually used. Cleaning helps to release metal particles that can damage the engine.
Replacing the oil and the filter in your tractor is a necessary maintenance task. If you are confused about the type of oil or filter you need, then speak with a tractor service professional for assistance.